Mushrooms are the fruiting assortments of basidiomycetous parasites and are explicitly called basidiomata (sing, basioma). They are framed uniquely during specific times of the year when conditions are harmonious and are splendid hued. Mushrooms might be consumable or non-edible, noxious, or non-toxic.
People have been eating mushrooms for quite a while. They used to go to the forests and other wild places and dependent on their insight into edible and harmful mushrooms they used to gather the consumable ones. Indeed, even now a few people collect wild mushrooms from the jungle and eat them.
In the mid-1950s the government of Himachal Pradesh named Shri S.S.Jain as its first Asstt. Plant Pathologist and Mycologist for the state. He worked in the WildFlower Hall in Chharabra, Shimla. He was visiting the inside zones of Himachal to help the apple orchardists and the farmers control the diseases of apples, different products of the soil like potatoes and wheat. He saw the helpless hand to mouth state of the helpless farmers in the hilly province of HP. He needed to support them.
While remaining with certain farmers in inside regions he saw that there were decaying twigs and parts of an apple and other natural product trees and wheat straw in the stable alongside cow dung and in the ecological conditions, there was an abundance of mushrooms developing in obscurity horse shelters.
He made an exploration proposition on developing of consumable mushrooms and got the consent for the equivalent from the state government and got the mushroom produce from Japan and France and began a lab in Solan, Shimla Hills, and began his examination probes developing edible mushrooms of Agaricus and different species, in lab conditions reproducing those found in Himachal Pradesh.
At the point when he had the option to develop the mushrooms effectively on a substrate arranged from decaying apple tree twigs and branches, cow dung and wheat straw and so on he distributed the outcomes through the magazine of the HP state Extension division. These outcomes when pitched and brought to the notice of the ranchers and the needy individuals in the state prompted the spread of data and brought forth to them and mushroom cultivation began in Himachal Pradesh.
The research facility set up by Shri S.S.Jain, the pioneer of mushroom development in India later turned into the main significant place for preparing mushroom development to ranchers of Himachal Pradesh and different states as additionally the mycologists and plant pathologists from everywhere India.